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by Eebster the Great
Sun Mar 03, 2019 6:18 am UTC
Forum: Science
Topic: What if the second law was breakable?
Replies: 71
Views: 2790

Re: What if the second law was breakable?

The second law is easily laid bare. It's not like we discovered statistical mechanics first. We worked backwards from what we observed to determine a mathematical truth, which is very nice. Regardless of your ontology, it is a historical fact that the understanding of information theory came from th...
by Eebster the Great
Sat Mar 02, 2019 5:26 pm UTC
Forum: Individual XKCD Comic Threads
Topic: 2117: "Differentiation and Integration"
Replies: 45
Views: 3100

Re: 2117: "Differentiation and Integration"

As I understand it, metal oxide semiconductor FETs use metal oxide semiconductor material. So for a silicon wafer, you will have a layer of SiO or SiO2 on top of the silicon, which then gets etched to make a working chip.
by Eebster the Great
Sat Mar 02, 2019 5:47 am UTC
Forum: Science
Topic: Lorentz force
Replies: 16
Views: 817

Re: Lorentz force

@prosilo Dont take it personally, this is the internet. There are people around on the web that will argue to the death that 1*1 cannot equal 1 (Im serious. This is a real thing that some people believe) and that modern mathematics is a conspiracy. Oh my God I just looked this up, and now I wish I ...
by Eebster the Great
Sat Mar 02, 2019 5:25 am UTC
Forum: Science
Topic: What if the second law was breakable?
Replies: 71
Views: 2790

Re: What if the second law was breakable?

That is incorrect. The second law is an empirical law that states "these statistical rules apply". There isn't (and cannot be) anything a priori that says the statistics must apply to the world. Sort of. As I already pointed out, there is nothing making it impossible in principle for the ...
by Eebster the Great
Fri Mar 01, 2019 6:44 am UTC
Forum: Individual XKCD Comic Threads
Topic: 2117: "Differentiation and Integration"
Replies: 45
Views: 3100

Re: 2117: "Differentiation and Integration"

Pfhorrest wrote:Silicon dioxide has no "ish" about it, that's straight up what most of most stones are made of.

I am not so educated in the ways of minereroalogy as to know stone from metal or clay or whatnot. But it's a thingy and it does homework.
by Eebster the Great
Fri Mar 01, 2019 4:45 am UTC
Forum: Individual XKCD Comic Threads
Topic: 2117: "Differentiation and Integration"
Replies: 45
Views: 3100

Re: 2117: "Differentiation and Integration"

That is why my calc teacher preferred the conditional, I could teach a stone to get a 5 on the ap if the stone did its homework. Well, I could teach a stone to get a Nobel Prize if the stone did its homework. Silicon is kinda stone-ish, and I could program some to do homework, but I doubt you could...
by Eebster the Great
Thu Feb 28, 2019 11:25 pm UTC
Forum: Science
Topic: Lorentz force
Replies: 16
Views: 817

Re: Lorentz force

I assume you started this thread to discuss an idea, but the problem is that it isn't clear what your idea is yet and you won't accept the answers you've gotten based on what it appears to be. Maybe you could help fill in some details. 1. What are the required elements in your design, and how are th...
by Eebster the Great
Thu Feb 28, 2019 5:53 pm UTC
Forum: Individual XKCD Comic Threads
Topic: 2117: "Differentiation and Integration"
Replies: 45
Views: 3100

Re: 2117: "Differentiation and Integration"

Integration: Risch algorithm. Nothing could be simpler. If I understand correctly, every implementation of this algorithm must fail for certain integrals because it is undecidable whether parts of the integrand ever equal zero. (This isn't specific to the Risch algorithm; it is a problem with any C...
by Eebster the Great
Wed Feb 27, 2019 8:35 pm UTC
Forum: Individual XKCD Comic Threads
Topic: 2117: "Differentiation and Integration"
Replies: 45
Views: 3100

Re: 2117: "Differentiation and Integration"

As my calculus teacher in high school told us, multiple times: “you can teach a monkey to differentiate, but integration is a skill”. I’ve always been kinda interested in how asymmetrical differentiation/antidifferentiation seems — it’s really neat. I mean, even for very, very complex functions lik...
by Eebster the Great
Wed Feb 27, 2019 4:50 pm UTC
Forum: Science
Topic: Lorentz force
Replies: 16
Views: 817

Re: Lorentz force

What is pushing against what here? Is the cable attached to anything? As I understand it, you have a cart moving along a straight, level, two-rail train track. On the cart, you have magnets set up in some way such that the magnetic force on a wire running left-to-right pushes the wire forward. This ...
by Eebster the Great
Wed Feb 27, 2019 1:40 am UTC
Forum: Individual XKCD Comic Threads
Topic: 2115: "Plutonium"
Replies: 34
Views: 3503

Re: 2115: "Plutonium"

English speakers who pronounce "karaoke" the English way aren't consciously aware of the fact that the pronunciation is heavily distorted, nor are they actively making a decision to pronounce that way for a specific reason; it's just the way they say the word because that's how they've al...
by Eebster the Great
Sat Feb 23, 2019 2:42 pm UTC
Forum: Science
Topic: What if the second law was breakable?
Replies: 71
Views: 2790

Re: What if the second law was breakable?

A constant source of new free energy would violate the first law but not the second law, because as you said, entropy would still continue to increase. A constant source of free energy and a sink for energy should do the trick though, since you could just hook one end up to your refrigerator's power...
by Eebster the Great
Fri Feb 22, 2019 5:59 pm UTC
Forum: Science
Topic: What if the second law was breakable?
Replies: 71
Views: 2790

Re: What if the second law was breakable?

I disagree that the observable universe is a universe any more than an acting president is a president. It may be all we can I observe of the universe, and he may be acting as the president, but it's not the universe, and he's just a pretender.
by Eebster the Great
Fri Feb 22, 2019 2:22 pm UTC
Forum: Science
Topic: What if the second law was breakable?
Replies: 71
Views: 2790

Re: What if the second law was breakable?

A system that is not closed doesn't deserve to be called a universe.
by Eebster the Great
Fri Feb 22, 2019 1:09 pm UTC
Forum: Science
Topic: What if the second law was breakable?
Replies: 71
Views: 2790

Re: What if the second law was breakable?

Well, it's not like that, because we in fact live in a universe where energy is not conserved yet entropy is nondecreasing. Energy is conserved locally, and entropy increases globally, always. It is possible to violate the second law of thermodynamics in principle (though not in practice), but it is...
by Eebster the Great
Fri Feb 22, 2019 9:15 am UTC
Forum: Science
Topic: What if the second law was breakable?
Replies: 71
Views: 2790

Re: What if the second law was breakable?

Yeah, you can set up a system of particles to evolve into a lower entropy state. So if all possible initial conditions are real, then in some of them, entropy decreases. Like I said, it's a statistical law. But it is difficult to overstate just how unlikely this is, requiring the double exponential ...
by Eebster the Great
Fri Feb 22, 2019 7:01 am UTC
Forum: Science
Topic: What if the second law was breakable?
Replies: 71
Views: 2790

Re: What if the second law was breakable?

I suppose in a strict sense, superdeterminism can violate the second law. And like, if we live in a teleological universe where God has already set things up in order to play out in a specific way, then there is no law of physics saying it could not have been set up to play out in a very surprising ...
by Eebster the Great
Thu Feb 21, 2019 8:33 pm UTC
Forum: Science
Topic: What if the second law was breakable?
Replies: 71
Views: 2790

Re: What if the second law was breakable?

The reason Eddington (and doogly) say this is that the second law is, at its most fundamental, a purely statistical law. It is not just true because we observe it to be true but because literally just counting proves that it must be true. So in this hypothetical universe, counting doesn't work either.
by Eebster the Great
Thu Feb 21, 2019 8:26 pm UTC
Forum: Individual XKCD Comic Threads
Topic: 2113: "Physics Suppression"
Replies: 23
Views: 2420

Re: 2113: "Physics Suppression"

Incidentally, there is a scenario of increasing cosmological "constant" in which all particles really do get ripped away from each other into their own isolated observable universes. It's called the Big Rip. It's not a super plausible end to the universe at this point, but it's difficult t...
by Eebster the Great
Thu Feb 21, 2019 8:16 pm UTC
Forum: Language/Linguistics
Topic: Regional Dialect and Idiolect Oddities (pronunciation)
Replies: 944
Views: 263975

Re: Regional Dialect and Idiolect Oddities (pronunciation)

flicky1991 wrote:Definitely "pat-a-cake" in UK. I associate "patty-cake" with US.

Wikipedia gives "pat a cake" from 1698 and "patty cake" from 1765. As an American, I'm also familiar with the latter.
by Eebster the Great
Wed Feb 20, 2019 2:15 am UTC
Forum: Individual XKCD Comic Threads
Topic: 2113: "Physics Suppression"
Replies: 23
Views: 2420

Re: 2113: "Physics Suppression"

It's a nice fact to be true if you believe in eternal recurrence, I guess, though you can always find other ways for that hypothesis to be true if you really want.
by Eebster the Great
Tue Feb 19, 2019 12:15 am UTC
Forum: Individual XKCD Comic Threads
Topic: 2113: "Physics Suppression"
Replies: 23
Views: 2420

2113: "Physics Suppression"

https://imgs.xkcd.com/comics/physics_suppression_2x.png Title text: "If physics had a mafia, I'm pretty sure the BICEP2 mess would have ended in bloodshed." I see this attitude all over the place, that physics is monolithic and the only reason whatever crackpot theory isn't mainstream is ...
by Eebster the Great
Sun Feb 17, 2019 3:51 pm UTC
Forum: Mathematics
Topic: The frog riddle
Replies: 23
Views: 2791

Re: The frog riddle

Similarly, if I flip a coin twice, I know that I am twice as likely to get a heads and a tails as I am to get two heads. And if I know for a fact that I will not flip two tails, I now have a 2/3 chance of flipping a heads and a tails and a 1/3 chance of flipping two heads.
by Eebster the Great
Sat Feb 16, 2019 7:35 pm UTC
Forum: Science
Topic: Favorite home experiments
Replies: 590
Views: 463031

Re: Favorite home experiments

An on-topic bump, how about that!
by Eebster the Great
Fri Feb 15, 2019 12:37 am UTC
Forum: Science
Topic: Science fleeting thoughts
Replies: 191
Views: 34659

Re: Science fleeting thoughts

The scale factor increases exponentially, which is what it means for the cosmological constant to be constant.
by Eebster the Great
Thu Feb 14, 2019 7:36 pm UTC
Forum: Science
Topic: Science fleeting thoughts
Replies: 191
Views: 34659

Re: Science fleeting thoughts

Yeah, ΛCDM is by far the best model we have so far.
by Eebster the Great
Thu Feb 14, 2019 2:20 am UTC
Forum: Science
Topic: Science fleeting thoughts
Replies: 191
Views: 34659

Re: Science fleeting thoughts

Dying in negative absolute pressure (that is, in tension) isn't so much "decompression" as being actively torn apart.
by Eebster the Great
Wed Feb 13, 2019 7:44 am UTC
Forum: Language/Linguistics
Topic: Is this logical statement true or false?
Replies: 15
Views: 5994

Re: Is this logical statement true or false?

Pfhorrest wrote:("What is?" they ask. "This", I say. "That's not an answer" they insist, but I retort "That wasn't a question").

Hoisted by their own pet aardvark
by Eebster the Great
Tue Feb 12, 2019 6:32 pm UTC
Forum: Mathematics
Topic: Help please
Replies: 4
Views: 802

Re: Help please

His answer does suggest a practical method for getting an exact answer to this problem by adjusting the individual charges until they are equal. It's not the algebraic method that the teacher probably wants and that extends to future problems, but it is a better method for solving the problem mental...
by Eebster the Great
Mon Feb 11, 2019 12:57 am UTC
Forum: Language/Linguistics
Topic: Longest word with only 3 letters
Replies: 37
Views: 25686

Re: Longest word with only 3 letters

FYI -- I know I am 4 years late, but I caught this on Google and decided to write a program of my own. It looks like either your dictionary or program didn't work quite right, btilly, because I got a longer 3-letters-only word: seeresses: 3 letters, 9 chars long. I also got another in the 8-letter-...
by Eebster the Great
Sun Feb 10, 2019 7:48 pm UTC
Forum: Science
Topic: Science fleeting thoughts
Replies: 191
Views: 34659

Re: Science fleeting thoughts

I agree with that principle in general, but I'm pretty unconvinced by this example in particular. I found the study referenced . It points out that "The only previous study of the effectiveness of Bike Ed as a teaching program was performed in Newcastle, Australia and showed that it appeared to...
by Eebster the Great
Sat Feb 09, 2019 11:17 pm UTC
Forum: Science
Topic: Science fleeting thoughts
Replies: 191
Views: 34659

Re: Science fleeting thoughts

Well, in the specific example of Maxwell, he died shortly before electromagnetic waves were discovered, that's true. But the difference is that at that time, electromagnetism had only just begun to be understood. At the present, the weak interaction is very well understood, and the picture has not r...
by Eebster the Great
Sat Feb 09, 2019 11:10 pm UTC
Forum: Mathematics
Topic: The frog riddle
Replies: 23
Views: 2791

Re: The frog riddle

It looks like you're right, he mentions it later in the video. I think the fact that it's an idealized problem is pretty clear from the outset though, even if not every assumption is stated explicitly.
by Eebster the Great
Fri Feb 08, 2019 10:44 pm UTC
Forum: Science
Topic: Science fleeting thoughts
Replies: 191
Views: 34659

Re: Science fleeting thoughts

I was just thinking about this. The only way neutrinos are "used" in the status quo is in astronomy, so the most obvious extension would be to other observational technology, especially military surveillance. I was thinking that at a minimum, it could add another independent method for con...
by Eebster the Great
Fri Feb 08, 2019 6:52 pm UTC
Forum: Science
Topic: Science fleeting thoughts
Replies: 191
Views: 34659

Re: Science fleeting thoughts

I think none of these things are relevant to that fundraiser. The only way it would make sense to talk about high energy physics at a fundraiser would be to fund research into basic physics. (Physicists do after all like to use billion dollar pieces of equipment.) But I thought Link was just musing ...
by Eebster the Great
Fri Feb 08, 2019 4:20 pm UTC
Forum: Science
Topic: Science fleeting thoughts
Replies: 191
Views: 34659

Re: Science fleeting thoughts

The electromagnetic interaction has unlimited range. The strong and weak interactions have very, very limited range. This makes them less than ideal for communication. That doesn't mean they can't be useful in other ways, though.
by Eebster the Great
Wed Feb 06, 2019 1:43 am UTC
Forum: Mathematics
Topic: The frog riddle
Replies: 23
Views: 2791

Re: The frog riddle

I will grant that from a practical standpoint, the problem doesn't really work. If male frogs always croak, then we already know the non-croaking frogs are female. If male frogs sometimes croak and sometimes don't, then a pair of males is more likely to produce at least one croak in the given interv...
by Eebster the Great
Tue Feb 05, 2019 11:46 am UTC
Forum: Mathematics
Topic: The frog riddle
Replies: 23
Views: 2791

Re: The frog riddle

As a probability puzzle, it is pretty straightforward and the narrator does a decent job of explaining it. Qaanol, the narrator says that each frog's sex is independent.
by Eebster the Great
Sat Feb 02, 2019 2:06 am UTC
Forum: Individual XKCD Comic Threads
Topic: 1732: "Earth Temperature Timeline"
Replies: 540
Views: 115005

Re: 1732: "Earth Temperature Timeline"

Wikipedia says difluoromethane has no risk to the ozone layer and only half the global warming potential of dichlorodifluoromethane. But from what I see it looks like the range is too large to say anything meaningful. CFCs range from 4,500 to 14,000, HCFCs range from 80 to 2,000, and HFCs range from...
by Eebster the Great
Fri Feb 01, 2019 7:12 am UTC
Forum: Individual XKCD Comic Threads
Topic: 1732: "Earth Temperature Timeline"
Replies: 540
Views: 115005

Re: 1732: "Earth Temperature Timeline"

The remaining elephant in the room, is of course anthropogenic. This can itself be divided into two forcings--i) the GHG forcing from primarily carbon dioxide, but also methane and chloroflourocarbons, which is positive, and ii) [...] Is the CFC contribution significant? This is actually an interes...

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