JamesStreet wrote:Fire Brns wrote:...Lincoln freed the slaves which is more a civil rights thing.
May I point out that the much-lauded Emancipation Proclamation only "freed" the slaves in Southern-held territory, where Lincoln's writ had no force, and left the Northern slaves and slaves in Union-held Southern territory still in bondage? The EP was a purely political move to keep England from entering the war on the South's side: by painting the war as being over slavery, which it hadn't up until then, Lincoln could pose as holding the moral high ground, even after invading a sovereign nation.
The rest of the slaves, including General Grant's slaves, had to wait until the 13th Amendment was ratified in order to be free.
I completely agree with you, I was just stating it in middle school textbook terms. The data points flowing through my mind was far more complex and I tend to censor myself so I can get my point across without sounding like the raving lunatic I am. The whole southern succession was a reaction to the Lincoln election even though Lincoln did not even say he was going to free the slaves at that point, he simply found it wrong. The war wasn't over slavery, it was about unification until Lincoln changed priorities for political and civilian morale purposes.