Proginoskes wrote:Drax wrote:I've always wondered why Sept- through Dec- ember were named as such, instead of being named after deities.
January and February were later additions. "September" means "seventh month", "October" means "eight month", etc. December was until the proper day for March 1. "July" and "August" were named after two Ceasers (Julius and Augustus).
What I've always wondered about is how (some of) the days of the week ended up being named after Teutonic deities: Tiew, Woden, Thor, and Freya?
July and August were originally Quintilis and Sextilis- fifth and sixth month, respectively.
With respect to the days of the week, those were just name shifts from Roman deities to the equivalent (or closest approximation thereof) Norse deity. Saturday is actually the only day of the week that, in English, retains its Roman deity- Saturn. Wednesday is considered the weakest deity link.
Monday : Moon's day : dies lunae (Luna- the moon)
Tuesday : Tyr's day (one of his specialties was combat) : dies Martis (Mars- war)
Wednesday : Wodin / Odin's day (weak link- wiki speculates that he was head of souls) : dies Mercuriī (Mercury- association with souls)
Thursday : Thor's day (lightning / thunder, believed to have usurped Odin as head deity by worship) : dies Jovis (Jupiter- lightning / thunder, also head deity)
Friday : Frigg's day (love / fertility) : dies Veneris (Venus- love / fertility)
Saturday : Saturn's day : dies Saturnī (also Saturn- presumably he wasn't able to be linked to any Norse gods)
Sunday : Sun's day : dies Sōlis (Sol- the sun)