Most dictionaries give the basic definition I did and then the more extreme definition as an alternate or a qualifier.
And the sun is a big ball of fire. Well, nuclear fire. Well, thermonuclear fire. The qualifiers serve to differentiate between the sun and a campfire.
The qualifiers are important - they are what make a word different from other words. From your own list:Merriam-webster:
(1)... exalting one nation above all others and placing primary emphasis on promotion of its culture and interests...
(note below): Patriotism is similar insofar as it emphasizes strong feelings for one’s country, but it does not necessarily imply an attitude of superiority.Oxford:
(1) ...especially to the exclusion or detriment of the interests of other nations.Collins:
(1) ...often associated with the belief that a particular nation is better than any other nation, and in this case is often used showing disapproval.
Vocabulary.com: (note at the top: It is important not to confuse nationalism with patriotism. Patriotism is a healthy pride in your country that brings about feelings of loyalty and a desire to help other citizens. Nationalism is the belief that your country is superior, without question or doubt.)
(1) the doctrine that your national culture and interests are superior to any other.
(4) love of country and willingness to sacrifice for it. Google's dictionary:
(1a) ...especially marked by a feeling of superiority over other countries.
Patriotism and nationalism are different from each other, in those ways
Yablo wrote:It's far from a proven fact that [his use of it as a dog whistle] is the case
Well, his intent is essentially unprova
ble, but what would you accept as evidence
? It is certainly in line with "Whoever body slams a member of the press is my guy!" and all his other vile, inciteful (not to be confused with "insightful") divisive, fearmongering statements and actions, and his complete disregard for actual facts.
And in any case, the result is plain to see. I doubt that he didn't foresee this result. If that's not intent, I don't know what is.